Math Made Meaningful

Appendix

A

 

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Appendix A.

Basic Algebra Vocabulary

 

 

 

 

 

 

A.1

Things

A.2

Dimensions

A.3

Units

A.4

Quantities

A.5

Relationships

A.6

Operators

 

 

 

 

A.1

Things

 

 

 

 

Geometric shapes

point

 

line

 

lines, intersecting

 

lines, parallel

 

lines, perpendicular

 

intersection

 

square

 

circle

 

triangle

 

triangle, right

 

triangle, equilateral

 

triangle, isosceles

 

rectangle

 

quadrilateral

 

trapezoid

 

pentagon

 

hexagon

 

cube

 

sphere

 

pyramid

 

rectangular solid

 

parallelepiped

 

cylinder

 

cone

 

triangular prism

 

rectangular prism

 

quadrilateral prism

 

angle

 

angle, corresponding

 

angle, opposite

 

angle, obtuse

 

angle, acute

 

angle, complementary

 

 

Graphs

coordinate system

 

x-coordinate

 

y-coordinate

 

z-coordinate

 

curve

 

parabola

 

hyperbola

 

ellipse

 

conic section

 

circular sector

 

circular segment

 

arc

 

 

 

 

A.2

Dimensions

 

 

 

 

Of geometric shapes

length

 

width

 

height

 

depth

 

base

 

distance

 

displacement

 

perimeter

 

diameter

 

radius

 

circumference

 

area

 

area, surface

 

volume

 

 

Of numbers

sum

 

difference

 

multiplication

 

division

 

average

 

mode

 

median

 

 

Of graphs

rise

 

run

 

slope

 

area under

 

x-intercept

 

y-intercept

 

z-intercept

 

 

Statistical concepts

probability

 

occurrence

 

amount part

 

amount whole

 

probability of part to whole

 

 

Relationship Concepts

rate of direct variation

 

rate of inverse variation

 

rate of square variation

 

rate of inverse-square variation

 

 

Physical Sciences

time

 

speed

 

rate

 

acceleration

 

mass

 

weight

 

density

 

pressure

 

force

 

surface tension

 

energy

 

power

 

electric current

 

charge quantity

 

resistance

 

temperature

 

heat

 

amount of substance

 

luminous intensity

 

frequency

 

wavelength

 

data capacity

 

bandwidth

 

 

Business

monetary value

 

present value

 

future value

 

simple interest

 

interest period

 

sale price

 

marked price

 

retail price

 

sales discount

 

wholesale cost

 

shipping cost

 

handling cost

 

profit

 

revenue

 

profit margin

 

 

 

 

A.3

Units

 

 

 

 

Length

meters (m)

 

kilometer (km)

 

inch (in)

 

foot (ft)

 

yard (yd)

 

mile (mi)

 

 

Area

square meter (m2)

 

square feet (ft2)

 

square mile (mi2)

 

 

Volume

cubic meter (m3)

 

cup (cup)

 

pint (pt)

 

quart (qt)

 

gallon (gal)

 

liter (l)

 

 

Mass

kilogram (kg)

 

gram (g)

 

 

Weight

ounce (oz)

 

pound (lb)

 

ton (ton)

 

 

Time

second (s)

 

minute (min)

 

hour (hr)

 

day (dy)

 

year (yr)

 

 

Electricity

volt (V)

 

amp (A)

 

ohm (Ω)

 

 

Temperature

degrees Centigrade (˚C)

 

degrees Fahrenheit (˚F)

 

 

Amount of substance

mole (mol)

 

 

Light

candle (candle)

 

lumen (lumen)

 

 

Monetary value

dollar (dol)

 

Euro (E)

 

Yen (Y)

 

 

Occurrence

instance (ins)

 

 

Speed

meters per second (m/s)

 

miles per hour (mi/hr)

 

kilometers per hour (km/hr)

 

 

Density

kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3)

 

pounds per cubic foot (lb/m3)

 

 

Force

newton (nt)

 

pound (lb)

 

Pascal (Pa)

 

 

Energy

joule (J)

 

newton-meter (nt-m)

 

calorie (cal)

 

British thermal unit (Btu)

 

 

Power

watt (W)

 

kilowatt (kW)

 

horsepower (hp)

 

 

Sound

decibel (dec)

 

 

Data capacity

bit (b)

 

byte (B)

 

bit per second (bps)

 

 

 

 

A.4

Quantities

 

 

 

 

Quantity

number

 

number, natural

 

number, whole

 

number, integer

 

number, decimal

 

number, prime

 

number, even

 

number, odd

 

fractions

 

denominators

 

numerators

 

 

Symbols

variables

 

coefficients

 

term

 

factors

 

 

Expressions

expressions, linear

 

expressions, quadratic

 

expressions, binomial

 

expressions, trinomial

 

expressions, polynomial

 

statement

 

 

 

 

A.5

Relationships

 

 

 

greater than

 

less than

 

equal to

 

congruent

 

similar

 

proportional

 

perpendicular

 

intersecting

 

overlapping

 

adjacent

 

parallel

 

corresponding

 

equivalent

 

reflection

 

rotation

 

symmetric

 

vertical

 

interior

 

exterior

 

alternate interior

 

alternate exterior

 

 

 

 

1.6

Operators

 

 

 

 

Sum

addition

 

total

 

increase

 

combination

 

more

 

all

 

 

Difference

subtraction

 

minus

 

decrease

 

separation

 

less

 

 

Multiplication

product

 

times

 

replicate

 

 

Divide

quotient

 

fraction

 

ratio

 

rate

 

 

Average

mean

 

median

 

mode

 

approximate

 

estimate

 

 

Exponent

power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Copyright 2004  Dr. Ranel E. Erickson